Absolute Calibration in Bass Strait, Australia: TOPEX, Jason-1 and OSTM/Jason-2

Edited: 2011-09-20
TitleAbsolute Calibration in Bass Strait, Australia: TOPEX, Jason-1 and OSTM/Jason-2
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsWatson, C., N. White, J. Church, R. Burgette, P. Tregoning, and R. Coleman
JournalMarine Geodesy
Volume34
Issue3-4
Pagination242 - 260
Date Published07/2011
ISSN1521-060X
Keywordsjason, sea_level, tide_gauge, topex
AbstractUpdated absolute bias estimates are presented from the Bass Strait calibration site (Australia) for the TOPEX/Poseidon (T/P), Jason-1 and the Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM/Jason-2) altimeter missions. Results from the TOPEX side A and side B data show biases insignificantly different from zero when assessed against our error budget (−15 ± 20 mm, and −6 ± 18 mm, respectively). Jason-1 shows a considerably higher absolute bias of +93 ± 15 mm, indicating that the observed sea surface is higher (or the range shorter), than truth. For OSTM/Jason-2, the absolute bias is further increased to +172 ± 18 mm (determined from T/GDR data, cycles 001–079). Enhancements made to the Jason-1 and OSTM/Jason-2 microwave radiometer derived products for correcting path delays induced by the wet troposphere are shown to benefit the bias estimate at the Bass Strait site through the reduction of land contamination. We note small shifts to bias estimates when using the enhanced products, changing the biases by +11 and +3 mm for Jason-1 and OSTM/Jason-2, respectively. The significant, and as yet poorly understood, absolute biases observed for both Jason series altimeters reinforces the continued need for further investigation of the measurement systems and ongoing monitoring via in situ calibration sites.
DOI10.1080/01490419.2011.584834
Short TitleMarine Geodesy