Model-based evidence of deep-ocean heat uptake during surface-temperature hiatus periods

Edited: 2011-09-28
TitleModel-based evidence of deep-ocean heat uptake during surface-temperature hiatus periods
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsMeehl, G., J. Arblaster, J. Fasullo, A. Hu, and K. Trenberth
JournalNature Climate Change
Pagination360 - 364
Date Published09/2011
Keywordsclimate, enso, steric
AbstractThere have been decades, such as 2000–2009, when the observed globally averaged surface-temperature time series shows little increase or even a slightly negative trend1 (a hiatus period). However, the observed energy imbalance at the top-of-atmosphere for this recent decade indicates that a net energy flux into the climate system of about 1 W m−2 (refs 2, 3) should be producing warming somewhere in the system4, 5. Here we analyse twenty-first-century climate-model simulations that maintain a consistent radiative imbalance at the top-of-atmosphere of about 1 W m−2 as observed for the past decade. Eight decades with a slightly negative global mean surface-temperature trend show that the ocean above 300 m takes up significantly less heat whereas the ocean below 300 m takes up significantly more, compared with non-hiatus decades. The model provides a plausible depiction of processes in the climate system causing the hiatus periods, and indicates that a hiatus period is a relatively common climate phenomenon and may be linked to La Niña-like conditions.
Short TitleNature Climate change