Recent mass balance of polar ice sheets inferred from patterns of global sea-level change

Edited: 2011-02-23
TitleRecent mass balance of polar ice sheets inferred from patterns of global sea-level change
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsMitrovica, J., M. Tamisiea, J. Davis, and G. A. Milne
JournalNature
Volume409
Issue6823
Pagination1026 - 1029
ISSN00280836
Keywordsclimate, ice, sea_level
Abstract

Global sea level is an indicator of climate change as it is sensitive to both thermal expansion of the oceans and a reduction of land-based glaciers. Global sea-level rise has been estimated by correcting observations from tide gauges for glacial isostatic adjustment—the continuing sea-level response due to melting of Late Pleistocene ice—and by computing the global mean of these residual trends. In such analyses, spatial patterns of sea-level rise are assumed to be signals that will average out over geographically distributed tide-gauge data. But a long history of modelling studies has demonstrated that non-uniform—that is, non-eustatic—sea-level redistributions can be produced by variations in the volume of the polar ice sheets. Here we present numerical predictions of gravitationally consistent patterns of sea-level change following variations in either the Antarctic or Greenland ice sheets or the melting of a suite of small mountain glaciers. These predictions are characterized by geometrically distinct patterns that reconcile spatial variations in previously published sea-level records. Under the—albeit coarse—assumption of a globally uniform thermal expansion of the oceans, our approach suggests melting of the Greenland ice complex over the last century equivalent to approx 0.6 mm yr-1 of sea-level rise.

DOI10.1038/35059054
Short TitleNature