Contribution of Small Glaciers to Global Sea Level

Edited: 2011-02-21
TitleContribution of Small Glaciers to Global Sea Level
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1984
AuthorsMeier, M. F.
Date Published12/1984
Keywordsice, sea_level
AbstractObserved long-term changes in glacier volume and hydrometeorological mass balance models yield data on the transfer of water from glaciers, excluding those in Greenland and Antarctica, to the oceans. The average observed volume change for the period 1900 to 1961 is scaled to a global average by use of the seasonal amplitude of the mass balance. These data are used to calibrate the models to estimate the changing contribution of glaciers to sea level for the period 1884 to 1975. Although the error band is large, these glaciers appear to account for a third to half of observed rise in sea level, approximately that fraction not explained by thermal expansion of the ocean.