Volcanoes and climate: Krakatoa\textquoterights signature persists in the ocean

Author
Keywords
Abstract
We have analysed a suite of 12 state-of-the-art climate models and show that ocean warming and sea-level rise in the twentieth century were substantially reduced by the colossal eruption in 1883 of the volcano Krakatoa in the Sunda strait, Indonesia. Volcanically induced cooling of the ocean surface penetrated into deeper layers, where it persisted for decades after the event. This remarkable effect on oceanic thermal structure is longer lasting than has previously been suspected and is sufficient to offset a large fraction of ocean warming and sea-level rise caused by anthropogenic influences.
Year of Publication
2006
Journal
Nature
Volume
439
Number of Pages
675-675
Date Published
2/2006
ISSN Number
1476-4679
DOI
10.1038/439675a