Topex/Poseidon Altimetry and Dynamics of the Ocean-Atmosphere System
The T/P altimeter data 1993 \textendash 1997 (cycles 11 \textendash 194) has been analyzed with emphases on seasonal variations in sea surface topography (SST). The amplitude of the annual variations amounted to (5.9\textpm0.3) mm when inverted barometer (IB) corrections were applied and (2.0\textpm0.4) mm without any IB corrections. The amplitude of the semi-annual variations in SST was small with IB corrections applied: (0.6\textpm0.3) mm. However, when no IB corrections were applied, it was (1.8\textpm0.4) mm, i.e. the semiannual variations are at the same level as the annual variations with no IB corrections. The phase angle offset of the annual term has shifted by about 180\textdegree when IB correction was applied. The dynamics of the ocean-atmosphere system is discussed and it is concluded that it could, at least partly, be responsible for the above observed effects.
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Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica
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