Simultaneous estimation of global present-day water transport and glacial isostatic adjustment
Global water transport between oceans and continents during the transition from glacial to interglacial times has been enormous. The viscoelastic solid Earth has been responding to this unloading of large ice masses with a rise of the land masses, in a process termed glacial isostatic adjustment. In addition, significant changes in the land/ocean water distribution occur at present. As both present-day changes in the ice/water thickness and glacial isostatic adjustment affect space geodetic measurements, it is difficult to untangle the relative contributions of these two processes. Here we combine gravity measurements and geodetic data of surface movement with a data-assimilating model of ocean bottom pressure to simultaneously estimate present-day water transport and glacial isostatic adjustment. We determine their separate contributions to movements in the geocentre, which occur in response to changes in the Earth\textquoterights mass distribution, with uncertainties below 0.1 mm yr-1. According to our estimates, mass losses between 2002 and 2008 in Greenland, Alaska/Yukon and West Antarctica are 104\textpm23, 101\textpm23 and 64\textpm32 Gt yr-1, respectively. Our estimates of glacial isostatic adjustment indicate a large geocentre velocity of -0.72\textpm0.06 mm yr-1 in the polar direction. We conclude that a significant revision of the present estimates of glacial isostatic adjustments and land\textendashocean water exchange is required.
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